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The Christian religion is based on a real geography. Looking through any Bible atlas you will see many names of cities, rivers, and mountains that are the same as our modern names for these areas. The geography of Christianity is not laced with fictitious names as though coming out of a fantasy novel. The birth of Christianity has a real history and geography and you can check that geography out on any modern day map of the Middle East, Europe, and Africa.

The geography of the Holy Lands as recorded in the Bible cover quite a large area. From the Bible early civilization starts out in Mesopotamia, which covers a large area. Then you read of places like Canaan and Egypt. Next the kingdom of Israel is established. Reading in the book of Daniel you read about future empires at the time of Daniel. Only these empires that Daniel prophesied about are ancient history to us. Daniel predicted the fall of Babylon which was the nation he lived in. He prophesied Babylon would be captured by Persia, and Persia captured by Greece, and Greece captured by Rome.

Rome covered much geography. It was the Roman government that was in power when Christ was born in Bethlehem and crucified at Calvary. The apostle Paul, a Roman citizen, who was a Jew who became a Christian, preached to many Gentiles the gospel of Jesus Christ. Paul´s missionary journeys went through modern day countries such as Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Italy, and other European countries too numerous to mention. He also went to the islands of Cyprus and Crete and talked about going to Spain. The Apostle John who wrote the gospel of John, the three epistles of John and the prophetic book of Revelation was exiled on the island of Patmos. If you visit Greece you may have the chance to visit the island of Patmos.

On this page I will feature various places from the Holy Lands and give you some information about each place. What was the weather like? What products did these lands produce? Were the people fisherman? Did they mine ore? Did they raise animals or produce? What was the religion of the natives of the various lands? Archaeology can help us make sense out of the history of these lands.

The Garden of Eden

The first humans were created by God not evolved. Adam and Eve is the first ordained married couple by God who were commanded to be fruitful and multiply. God planted a garden east of Eden. The Garden of Eden would be the home of Adam and Eve. Both Adam and Eve would take care of this garden. (Genesis 2:15)

The Hebrew word for Eden was Delight. So you could say the Garden of Eden was a garden of delight. This garden was created by God. Everything that God had made was very good. (Genesis 1:31) The garden had much flora and fauna. (Genesis 2:19-20) Near the garden was much water. In the ancient world Genesis 2:5-6 describes a mist which came from underground which watered the ground. Within the geographical region that housed the Garden of Eden were four rivers. One of these rivers ran out from Eden to water the garden. (Genesis 2:10) The river that ran into the garden eventually joined the other four rivers in the land.

Here are the four rivers that was part of the region surrounding Eden. The Pishon River ran through most of the ancient land of Havilah. In biblical geography there have been at least two regions named Havilah. We cannot be totally sure of where the Havilah region was at the time of the Garden of Eden. The Bible tells us that gold, bdellium, and onyx stone was there. Bdellium was a type of resin extracted from trees. Bdellium was probably used for perfume and incense. Onyx is a hard stone or mineral which belongs to the very large family of quartz chalcedony minerals which includes agates. It is most commonly black and is translucent to opaque. Some onyx may have white banding in it. This mineral is used today mostly in gemstone jewelry.

The Gihon River ran through most of the ancient land of Cush. We cannot be totally sure of where the Cush region was at the time of the Garden of Eden. Cush was probably named after the grandson of Noah. Ham who was one of the sons of Noah had a son by the name of Cush.

The third river is well known today which is called the Tigris River. When Moses wrote Genesis he said the Tigris flowed east of Assyria. Today the geography and topography has probably changed somewhat because of Noah´s flood. Today the Tigris flows from Turkey into Iraq. The fourth river is the Euphrates River. Today the Euphrates River is one of the longest rivers in western Asia. It flows through eastern Turkey, Syria, and Iraq where it joins with the Tigris River. I want to remind you again that the geography and topography of the ancient location of the Garden of Eden has very little resemblance of what this geographical area is today.

In the Garden of Eden there were two special fruit trees. One tree was the “Tree of Life.” The fruit from this tree would grant immortality. Another tree was the “Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.” There was one tree that Adam was told not to eat from. God told Adam that he could eat from any tree in the garden, but He told Adam of the “Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil” he could not eat from. For if Adam ate from this tree he would die. God did not forbid Adam to eat of the “Tree of Life.” If Adam would have eaten from the “Tree of Life” he would be alive today.

After the first sin of Adam and Eve God placed cherubim angels at the east side of the Garden of Eden with a flaming sword that turned every direction to guard the “Tree of Life.” God did not want sinful humans to eat of the “Tree of Life” and live forever for then these sinful humans would share the same eternal life that the triune God holds and because they ate of the “Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil” would live eternally in sin and as a law-breaker. Thank GOD this did not happen. It was bad enough that Adam´s sin affected all of us. “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death spread to all men, because all sinned.” (Romans 5:12 NKJV®) As soon as the sin of Adam and Eve was found out God promised he would send someone down to Earth in the future that would make the payment for their sins satisfying the wrath of God. That ONE would be the triune Jesus Christ who is Lord and Savior, the Messiah. Here is the famous prophecy in Genesis that God gave concerning the Messianic Savior to come. “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.” (Genesis 3:15 NKJV®)

After the final judgement when all true Christian saints are in eternity the “Tree of Life” will be the award for believing saints. We read this as a promise in the book of Revelation that Christian saints will have the right to the “Tree of Life.” “Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city.” (Revelation 22:14 NKJV®)

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